Table of Contents
- 1 Low levels in men
- 2 High levels
- 3 How to increase testosterone levels
- 4 The most common esters
- 5 How does it work?
- 6 What results can I expect?
- 7 Testosterone side effects
- 8 Can it Damage The Liver?
- 9 Can it make me lose my hair?
- 10 Will it make me aggressive?
- 11 Is it legal to use and buy testosterone UK?
Though most of us primarily associate testosterone UK with manliness and virility, there is much more to know about this hormone than we imagine. So what is testosterone exactly? Belonging to the androgens group, testosterone is a steroid hormone that all humans produce.
While in the case of females testosterone is produced by the ovaries and adrenal glands (the testosterone level representing approx. 10% of a man’s level), in the case of males, testosterone is primarily produced in the testes, with only small amounts being produced by the adrenal glands, and plays a crucial role in the development of male sex organs and other secondary sexual characteristics (e.g.: increased muscle strength and mass, bone mass, growth of bodily and facial hair, voice deepening etc.) In addition, testosterone also plays a crucial role in sperm production, sex drive, red cell production, fat distribution, bone maturation, and even osteoporosis prevention. This is why normal testosterone levels are associated with overall wellbeing and health.
Low levels in men
Testosterone levels naturally decrease with age, giving birth to a medical condition known as male hypogonadism. Though hypogonadism may appear at various stages (e.g. during fetal development or puberty), we will focus on adulthood. The main symptoms of testosterone deficiency are:
• Erectile dysfunctions
• Reduced sperm count
• Decrease in muscle mass and strength
• Decrease of facial and bodily hair
• Decreased sex drive
• Loss of bone mass (i.e. osteoporosis)
• Hot flashes
• Irritability, depression, difficulty concentrating
Athletes and bodybuilders (both males and females) who use anabolic steroids to increase muscle mass or improve their athletic performance are likely to experience high testosterone UK levels. The main side effects are:
High blood pressure
High red blood cell count
Sexual organs alterations
How to increase testosterone levels
Though treatments for male hypogonadism highly depend on the cause, TRT (i.e. testosterone replacement therapy) is one of the most commonly employed therapies. If a man identifies low testosterone symptoms and blood analysis confirms the medical condition, your physician may recommend TRT.
TRT may not only restore the sexual function, but can also promote muscle strength, increase energy and sex drive, prevent bone loss, and improve the overall feeling of wellbeing. There are various types of testosterone boosters and testosterone supplements available on the market:
Injections: a safe and effective intramuscular therapy that can, however, cause intense local pain and swelling.
Patches: patches which contain Androderm are applied each night to the abdomen, back, upper arm, or thigh. In order to prevent skin reactions, the application zone should be alternated.
Gels: there are several gels available, each one with a different application method. For example, AndroGel and Testim must be rubbed into the skin on the shoulder or upper arm. Axiron is applied under each armpit using an applicator. The skin gradually absorbs the testosterone. The only drawback with gels is that they might get transferred to other people should there be any physical contact. Therefore, it is very important to remember that skin-to-skin contact should be avoided until the gel gets dry.
Implants: pellets containing testosterone are implanted in the soft tissues, allowing the body to gradually absorb testosterone into the bloodstream.
Testosterone tablets: oral testosterone variants are also available. However, their prolonged use is not highly recommended, mainly due to their low absorption rate and potential liver stress.
The most common esters
There are various types of testosterone UK esters if you need to increase testosterone levels: testosterone suspension, testosterone propionate, testosterone cypionate, testosterone enanthate. The main difference between them is the drug’s half-life in the bloodstream. A longer ester chain means a longer half-life and improved tissue recovery and muscle growth. Below you can find the main features of each of these testosterone esters:
Testosterone suspension: this injectable drug basically consists of pure testosterone and sterilized water. The small testosterone crystals dissolve rapidly upon injection. As a matter of fact, 100 mgs of testosterone suspension equals 100 mgs of active testosterone, with a half-life of 12 up to 36 hours.
Testosterone Propionate: one of the most used injectable testosterone esters, this drug has the shortest ester chain. However, there is a major drawback to be considered: most users experience intense local swelling and sting. This happens because short esters tend to cause more irritation to the muscle. The half-life of this drug ranges from 48 to 72 hours. Testosterone Propionate comes with a series of advantages and disadvantages:
• Immediate effects
• This short chain ester roughly provides 74% active testosterone
• Needs to be administrated more frequently
•The injections cause pain and muscle irritation
Testosterone Enanthate: this drug is cost effective and readily available on the market. Testosterone Enanthate has a half-life of 4-7 days. This compound is unlikely to cause intense irritation upon injection. In addition, those users who are not susceptible to estrogenic effects will be able to build quality mass. If you are looking for a convenient testosterone compound as far as administration and results are concerned, then this might be the ideal choice.
Testosterone Cypionate: closely interchangeable with Enanthate, this compound comes with an additional carbon in the ester chain. However, this difference is unlikely to affect the duration of action if compared to Enanthate.
How does it work?
Female ovaries and adrenal glands also produce small amounts of testosterone, a hormone that may affect women’s libido. In the case of females, testosterone treatments may be recommended to treat menopause symptoms and improve sexual drive, especially if the ovaries are not working properly or if the ovaries have been removed.
Among the main benefits of balanced testosterone UK levels we can highlight:
• Healthy blood and heart
Testosterone has been demonstrated to increase the red blood cell count, thus benefiting users who suffer from anaemia. TRT is also known to benefit people who suffer from chest pains and angina by widening the coronary arteries.
• Leaner body mass and weight control
Studies have demonstrated that TRT can not only decrease fat, but it can also increase muscle size and strength, especially if combined with regular training and balanced diets.
• Increased bone density
Having strong bones not only benefits your muscles, but it can also lead to improved athletic performances.
• Improved libido
Testosterone has been demonstrated to substantially benefit men’s sexual drive and performance.
• Increased feeling of wellbeing and energy levels
What results can I expect?
A balanced testosterone level can not only renew a male’s libido, but it can also improve the duration and quality of his erections. Though treating sexual disorders should suffice to try out TRT, there is more to the list of benefits: increased muscle mass, decreased fat mass, improved overall health, osteoporosis and cardiovascular problems prevention, and even longevity.
Athletic and bodybuilding results
Numerous researches have demonstrated that testosterone boosters can improve endurance and overall athletic performance. However, we are not talking about instant results, but rather about an overtime treatment that helps athletes and bodybuilders bulk and fortify their muscles and bones.
Testosterone side effects
The most common side effects of TRT include:
• Irritation of the application site
•Congestive heart failure if there are severe underlying medical conditions such as heart, liver, or kidney diseases
•Worsen sleep apnea
•Increased aggression and mood swings
The abuse of anabolic-androgenic steroids (synthetic testosterone) may lead to:
•Reduced sperm count
•Increased LDL cholesterol
Can it Damage The Liver?
Liver damage is primarily associated with modified oral steroids that present a 17-alkyl substitution. Since oral testosterone compounds are difficult to metabolize, it is advisable to opt for other types of testosterone substitutes.
Can it make me lose my hair?
MBP has three main causes: age, genetics, and hormones. The hair follicles of those males who are predisposed to MBP are sensitive to DHT, the male dihydrotestosterone hormone. When testosterone converts into DHT, hair follicles shrink, resulting in finer and shorter hair that will eventually stop growing.
Will it make me aggressive?
Numerous studies have demonstrated that increased testosterone UK levels profoundly effect on brain circuits, playing a crucial role in threat-processing and aggression. Should you experience severe mood swings and increased aggression, it is advisable to ask for your physician’s advice immediately.
Is it legal to use and buy testosterone UK?
Under the Medicines Act, anabolic steroids are Prescription Only drugs and can be obtained solely upon a doctor’s prescription. However, purchasing and possessing them for personal use will not be prosecuted.